Vol. 13,No. 2, April 2014
Latest Diversity Trend and Seasonal Abundance of Population of Zooplankton (Holoplankton) Communitie
Description: 1-Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. 2-The Caspian Sea Ecology research center Sari, Iran. 3-Faculty of marine Science and Technology, North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. . Corresponding author's email: rowshantabari@yahoo.com
Abstract: 
Seasonal variations of zooplankton communities were studied in the southern Caspian Sea for 4 successive seasons and 8 transects with 5 stations from 5 to 100 m depths which sampled during 2009. The zooplankton population constituted of 73.33% copepods, 24.21% rotifers, 2.23% cladocerans and 0.23% protozoans. Copepods were dominant at all stations with a density between 1456±531 ind. m-3 (Transect 8) to 4524±1215 ind. m-3 (transect 2). The predominant species of copepods was Acartia tonsa constituting 99.50% of all copepod populations. They were most abundant during warm months of summer in the upper layers (surface to 20 m depth) while rotifers replaced them during cold season. The maximum density of zooplankton was observed in the west decreasing towards the eastern parts of the sea.

Monday 4 May 2015
Author: Rowshan Tabari, M.1*; Fatemi, S. M. R.1; Pourgholam, R.2; Mousavi Nadoushan,R.3
KeyWord: Zooplankton, Caspian Sea, Copepods, Rotifers, Acartia tonsa
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