Vol. 13,No. 2, April 2014
Osmoregulatory capabilities of Zander (Sander lucioperca) fingerlings in different salinities of the
Description: *-Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran 3-Department of Physiology and Biochemistry,International Sturgeon Research Institute, P.O.Box: 41635-3464, Rasht, Iran 4-Inland Water Aquaculture Research Center, P.O.Box: 66 Bandar Anzali, Iran *Corresponding author's email: sh_oryan@yahoo.com
Abstract: 
Osmoregulation capabilities of two size groups (1 and 2g) of zander, Sander lucioperca, fingerlings were investigated survival rate, plasma osmolarity, sodium (Na+), chloride (Cl-) ion concentrations and cortisol level within 0, 6, 24, 72 and 240 h after abrupt transfer from freshwater to 7 and 12‰ salinity. Also, some hematological parameters were measured at 240h. The plasma osmolarity and ion concentrations (Na+, Cl-) increased immediately after the transference to 7 and 12‰ salinity, reaching maximum at 72h in 1g and at 24 h in 2g fingerlings, and significantly decreased at 240 h, while the freshwater control group maintained almost constant during 10 days which showed lower than the salinity groups. The pattern of cortisol level changes was similar in two size groups after exposure to different salinities and it reflected stress of handling. There were no significant differences between hematological values of two salinity treatment groups than the freshwater control at 240h. The result showed, not only 2g zander fingerlings acted better than 1g in faced with salinity but also the fingerlings weighing 1g could survived and tolerate Caspian Sea water salinity up to 12‰. It is suggested that the release of zander weighing from 1g would help to restocking management of this species in the southern Caspian Sea.

Monday 4 May 2015
Author: Ahmadnezhad, M.1; Oryan, Sh.2*; Bahmani, M.3; Sayad Bourani, M.4
KeyWord: Sander lucioperca, size, salinity, Caspian Sea, osmoregulation, cortisol
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